Montmorillonite content is an influential soil parameter of grapevine development and yield in South Uruguay




clay type 2:1, CEC, verticargiudol, soil heterogeneity


Soil physical and chemical characteristics play a key role on vine growth and yield. The soils of South Uruguay display high content of montmorillonite or illite. The proportion of these minerals deserves special attention as they influence the soil structure and its hydrological properties. The present study was conducted in a 1.1 ha vineyard of this region (Canelones), characterized by a high heterogeneity of plant vigour. It was aimed to determine and map the physical and chemical properties of the soil and their relations with plant vigour and yield. The cation exchange capacity (CEC) and the clay and organic matter contents were measured in 84 locations within this vineyard to calculate the montmorillonite and illite contents of the soil. In addition, the type and abundance of clays was corroborated by X-ray diffractometry analysis. The CEC and montmorillonite contents were positively correlated with vine vigour, expressed by the Normalized Vegetation Index (NDVI), trunk diameter, pruning weight, leaf area, and with yield. Thus, the within vineyard distribution of the ratio montmorillonite/illite conditioned the heterogeneity of vine growth and yield at the field level. The impact of those minerals on water and mineral supply to the plant is discussed.


Download data is not yet available.


Beaux JF, Platevoet B, Fogelgesang JF. Atlas de pétrologie. 3rd ed. Malakoff: Dunod; 2019. 192p.

Brady NC, Weyl RR. Mollisols. In: The nature and properties of soils. 14th ed. Upper Saddle River: Pearson; 2008. p. 960.

Bramley RGV, Ouzman J, Boss PK. Variation in vine vigour, grape yield and vineyard soils and topography as indicators of variation in the chemical composition of grapes, wine and wine sensory attributes. Aust J Grape Wine Res. 2011;17:217-29.

Carbonneau A. La surface foliaire exposée:guide pour sa mesure. Progrès Agricole Vit. 1995;112:204-12.

Carroll D. Clay minerals: a guide to their X-ray identification. GSA special papers. 1970;126. doi:10.1130/SPE126.

Cortell JM, Halbleib M, Gallagher AV, Righetti TL, Kennedy JA. Influence of vine vigor on grape (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Pinot noir) and wine proanthocyanidins. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53(14):5798-808.

Dobrowski SZ, Ustin SL, Wolpert JA. Grapevine dormant pruning weight prediction using remotely sensed data. Aust J Grape Wine Res. 2003;9:177-82.

Durán A, García-Préchac F. Suelos del Uruguay: origen, clasificación, manejo y conservación. Vol. 1. Montevideo: Hemisferio Sur, 2007. 334p.

Durán A, Morrás H, Studdert G, Xiaobing L. Distribution, properties, land use and management of mollisols in South America. Chin Geogr Sci. 2011;21:511-30.

Ferrer M, Echeverria G, Pereyra G, Gonzalez-Neves G, Pan D, Miras-Avalos J. Mapping vineyard vigor using airborne remote sensing: relations with yield, berry composition and sanitary status under humid climate conditions. Prec Agric. 2020;21:178-97.

Gatti M, Garavani A, Squeri C, Diti I, De Monte A, Scotti C, Poni S. Effects of intra-vineyard variability and soil heterogeneity on vine performance, dry matter and nutrient partitioning. Prec Agric. 2022;23:150-77.

Jasse A, Berry A, Aleixandre-Tudo JL, Poblete-Echeverría C. Intra-block spatial and temporal variability of plant water status and its effect on grape and wine parameters. Agric Water Manage. 2021;246:106696. doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2020.106696.

King PD, Smart RE, Mac Clellan DJ. Within-vineyard variability in vine vegetative growth, yield, and fruit and wine composition of Cabernet Sauvignon in Hawke’s Bay, New Zealand. Aust J Grape Wine Res. 2020;20:234-46.

Parfitt RL, Giltrap DJ, Whitton JS. Contribution of organic matter and clay minerals to the cation exchange capacity of soils. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal. 1995;26:1343-55.

Pereyra G, Pellegrino A, Gaudin R, Ferrer M. Evaluation of site-specific management to optimise Vitis vinifera L. (cv. Tannat) production in a vineyard with high heterogeneity. OENO One. 2022;56(3):397-412.

Reynolds AG, Lowrey WD, Tomek L, Hakimi J, De Savigny C. Influence of irrigation on vine performance, fruit composition, and wine quality of Chardonnay in a cool, humid climate. Am J Enol Vitic. 2007;58(2):217-28.

Santesteban LG, Miranda C, Royo JB. Vegetative growth, reproductive development and vineyard balance. In: Methodologies and results in grapevine research. Dordrecht: Springer; 2010. p. 45-56.

Silva A, Docampo R, Camejo C, Barboza C. Inventario de suelos bajo viña: principales características edafológicas de los viñedos uruguayos. Montevideo: INIA; 2018. 164p.

Sun L, Tanskanen JT, Hirvi JT, Kasa S, Schatz T, Pakkanen TA. Molecular dynamics study of montmorillonite crystalline swelling: roles of interlayer cation species and water content. Chem Phys. 2015;455:23-31.

Tardáguila J, Baluja J, Arpón L, Balda P, Oliveira M. Variations of soil properties affect the vegetative growth and yield components of "Tempranillo" grapevines. Prec Agric. 2011;12:762-73.

Tisseyre B, Mazzoni C, Fonta H. Within-field temporal stability of some parameters in viticulture: potential toward a site specific management. OENO One. 2020;42(1):27-39.

Trought MCT, Dixon R, Mills T, Greven M, Agnew R, Mauk JL, Praat JP. The impact of differences in soil texture within a vineyard on vine vigour, vine earliness and juice composition. Journal International des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin. 2008;42:62-72.

van Leeuwen C, de Rességuier L, Mary S, Laveau C, Mousset-Libeau E, Marguerit E, Roby JP, Quiquerez A. Soil type and soil preparation influence vine development and grape composition through its impact on vine water and nitrogen status. E3S Web Conf. 2018;50:0105. doi:10.1051/e3sconf/20185001015.

van Leeuwen C, Seguin G. The concept of terroir in viticulture. J Wine Res. 2006;17(1):1-10.

Willwerth JJ, Reynolds AG. Spatial variability in Ontario Riesling Vineyards: I. Soil, vine water statusand vine performance. OENO One. 2020;54(2):327-49.



How to Cite

Pereyra G, Ferrer M, Pellegrino A, Gaudin R. Montmorillonite content is an influential soil parameter of grapevine development and yield in South Uruguay. Agrocienc Urug [Internet]. 2022 Nov. 14 [cited 2024 Feb. 21];26(2):e1124. Available from:



Natural and environmental resources
QR Code


Article metrics
Abstract views
Galley vies
PDF Views
HTML views
Other views

Most read articles by the same author(s)