Analysis of the agronomic interest characteristics for the management of Conyza blakei, Conyza bonariensis, Conyza sumatrensis, and Conyza lorentzii

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31285/AGRO.24.112

Keywords:

weeds, stage of development, germination, fecundity, cycle

Abstract

Conyza genus includes herbs of ruderal habit, also referred to weeds in pastures, perennial crops, and no tillage crops. The insuitable use of herbicides, the incorrect identification of species, and the lack of monitoring, among others, explain the fact that Conyza species have become a growing problem in production systems under no tillage. Therefore, the knowledge of biology and the adaptive response to diverse cultural practices is paramount. Two of the most important characteristics to establish management guidelines are the height and growth stages of these species,since their herbicides sensitivity have been associated with these characteristics. The objective of this work was to analyze the results that affect the reproductive success (germination%, fecundity), and the most effective weed control time (height and determination of the phenological stages) of Conyza blakei, C. bonariensis, C. lorentzii and C. sumatrensis. Trials were conducted at the Agricultural Experimental Station of Balcarce, INTA, Argentina. We analyzed 35 individuals of each species. The germination % presented significant differences, being C. sumatrensis, the specie with the highest number of emerged seedlings. The phenological stages also showed differences, being C. bonariensis the species that began to elongate the stem earliest, the first in flowering, and the greatest fecundity. The senescence of the 4 species occurred within the first year of growth. The species with greater reproductive success would be C. bonariensis and C. sumatrensis, requiring the first earlier practices of controls.

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Published

2020-04-29

How to Cite

1.
Diez de Ulzurrun P, Acedo MB, Garavano ME, Gianelli V, Ispizua VN. Analysis of the agronomic interest characteristics for the management of Conyza blakei, Conyza bonariensis, Conyza sumatrensis, and Conyza lorentzii. Agrocienc Urug [Internet]. 2020 Apr. 29 [cited 2023 Feb. 5];24(1):e112. Available from: https://agrocienciauruguay.uy/index.php/agrociencia/article/view/112

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Section

Plant Biology