Advances in Knowledge of the Dairy Cow During the Transition Period in Uruguay

a Multidisciplinary Approach

Authors

  • Ana Meikle Universidad de la República, Facultad de Veterinaria, Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Daniel Cavestany Universidad de la República, Facultad de Veterinaria, Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Mariana Carriquiry Universidad de la República, Facultad de Agronomía, Montevideo, Uruguay
  • María de Lourdes Adrien Universidad de la República, Facultad de Veterinaria, Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Virginia Artegoitia Universidad de la República, Facultad de Veterinaria, Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Isabel Pereira Veterinario profesión liberal Uruguay
  • Gretel Ruprechter Universidad de la República, Facultad de Veterinaria, Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Paula Pessina Universidad de la República, Facultad de Veterinaria, Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Gonzalo Rama Instituto Pasteur, Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Andrea Fernández Universidad de la República, Facultad de Veterinaria, Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Martín Breijo Universidad de la República, Facultad de Medicina, Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Daniel Laborde Veterinario profesión liberal Uruguay
  • Otto Pritsch Universidad de la República, Facultad de Medicina, Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Juan Manuel Ramos Veterinario profesión liberal Uruguay
  • Elena de Torres Universidad de la República, Facultad de Veterinaria, Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Paula Nicolini Universidad de la República, Facultad de Veterinaria, Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Alejandro Mendoza Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria (INIA), Uruguay
  • Joaquín Dutour Universidad de la República, Facultad de Agronomía, Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Maite Fajardo Universidad de la República, Facultad de Agronomía, Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Ana Laura Astessiano Universidad de la República, Facultad de Agronomía, Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Laura Olazábal Laboratorio Tecnológico del Uruguay
  • Diego Mattiauda Universidad de la República, Facultad de Agronomía, Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Pablo Chilibroste Universidad de la República, Facultad de Agronomía, Montevideo, Uruguay

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31285/AGRO.26.1110

Keywords:

dairy cows, transition period, grazing

Abstract

The transition from pregnant non lactating condition to non pregnant lactating status is a period of dramatic changes for the cow, which has to adapt its metabolism to the strong requirements for milk production. From the equilibrium that the cow resolves this period will depend the capacity to maximize milk production and quality, to evade metabolic diseases and ensure the following pregnancy. The nutritional improvement, genetic selection and animal management have increase milk production in the last decades and this is associated with a decrease in the reproductive performance and in the increase of health diseases. This review summarizes the studies performed in the last years in Uruguay, with emphasis in nutritional management, ingestive behaviour, endocrine and molecular mechanisms of nutrient partitioning and its relation with fertility in dairy cows. Studies that investigate the productive efficiency of different dairy biotypes and breeds are reported. Studies in the cow´s health that identify the transition period as a risk factor for metabolic, infections and traumatic diseases are included. We conclude that studies that integrate problems of national relevance are the appropriate methodology to investigate complex biological systems as is the dairy cow during the transition period under grazing conditions.

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Published

2022-07-21

How to Cite

1.
Meikle A, Cavestany D, Carriquiry M, Adrien M de L, Artegoitia V, Pereira I, et al. Advances in Knowledge of the Dairy Cow During the Transition Period in Uruguay: a Multidisciplinary Approach. Agrocienc Urug [Internet]. 2022 Jul. 21 [cited 2024 Jun. 14];26(NE2):e1110. Available from: https://agrocienciauruguay.uy/index.php/agrociencia/article/view/1110

Issue

Section

Animal production and pastures
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