First report of root and crown rot caused by Dactylonectria novozelandica on strawberry in Uruguay




Cylindrocarpon spp., pathogenicity test, Histone


Since 2015, a high mortality rate of strawberry plants has been observed in the north of Uruguay related to crown and root diseases caused by a pathogens complex. In 2016, associated with the death of plants, Cylindrocarpon spp. was isolated with a frequency of 42.4 %, ranking third, preceded by Neopestalotiopsis sp. and Fusarium spp. Aiming to increase the knowledge of the pathogens that integrate the complex, three isolates of Cylindrocarpon spp. were characterized by molecular, morphological and pathogenicity analyses in strawberry plants. Dactylonectria novozelandica was identified as causal agent of crown and root necrosis of strawberry in Salto, Uruguay.


Download data is not yet available.


Cabral A, Rego C, Nascimento T, Oliveira H, Groenewald JZ, Crous PW. Multi-gene analysis and morphology reveal novel Ilyonectria species associated with black foot disease of grapevines. Fungal Biol. 2012;116(1):62-80.

Crous PW, Groenewald JZ, Risede JM, Simoneau P, Hywel-Jones NL. Calonectria species and their Cylindrocladium anamorphs: species with sphaeropedunculate vesicles. Stud Mycol [Internet]. 2004 [cited 2022 Aug 02];50:415-30. Available from:

Domsch KH, Gams W, Anderson TH. Compendium of soil fungi. London: Academic Press; 1980. 859p.

Giménez G, Paullier J, Maeso D. Identificación y manejo de las principales enfermedades y plagas en el cultivo de frutilla. Montevideo: INIA; 2003. 56p. (Boletín de Divulgación; 82).

Halleen F, Hans-Josef S, Johannes ZG, Rego C, Oliveira H, Crous PW. Neonectria liriodendri sp. nov., the main causal agent of black foot disease of grapevines. Stud Mycol. 2006;55:227-34.

Machín JA, González P, Vicente E, Estelda C, Ghelfi J, Silvera-Pérez E. First report of root and crown rot caused by Neopestalotiopsis clavispora on strawberry in Uruguay. Plant Dis. 2019;103(11):2946.

Machín JA. Identificación de los organismos asociados a la muerte de plantas de frutilla (Fragaria ananassa Duch.) en el departamento de Salto, Uruguay [grade’s thesis]. Montevideo (UY): Universidad de la República, Facultad de Agronomía; 2017. 41p.

Parkinson LE, Shivas RG, Dann EK. Pathogenicity of nectriaceous fungi on avocado in Australia. Phytopathology. 2017;107(12):1479-85.

Rebellato L, Monteiro C. El fenómeno de la muerte de plantas de frutilla en el Uruguay. In: Jornadas Nacionales de Horticultura. Montevideo: [publisher unknown]; 1987.

Scarlato M. El cultivo de frutilla en el Sur del Uruguay: principales variables que explican los resultados productivos [master’s thesis]. Montevideo (UY): Universidad de la República, Facultad de Agronomía; 2015. 136p.

Tamura K, Peterson D, Peterson N, Stecher G, Nei M, Kumar S. MEGA 5: Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using maximum likelihood, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods. Mol Biol Evol. 2011;28(10):2731-9.

Vicente E, Manzzioni A, Arruabarrena A, Varela P, González M, De Hegedüs P. Alternativas para enfrentar la mortandad de plantas de frutilla en la zona de Salto: un desafío para el sistema de innovación regional. Revista INIA [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2022 Aug 02];53:42-7. Available from:



How to Cite

Vigliecca M, González P, Machín A, Vicente E, Silvera E. First report of root and crown rot caused by Dactylonectria novozelandica on strawberry in Uruguay. Agrocienc Urug [Internet]. 2022 Aug. 12 [cited 2024 Feb. 21];26(2):e962. Available from:



Plant protection
QR Code


Article metrics
Abstract views
Galley vies
PDF Views
HTML views
Other views

Most read articles by the same author(s)