Nutritional Quality and Nutraceutical Potential of Fruits and Vegetables as a tool for Genetic Breeding Programs

  • Virginia Ferrari Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria (INIA), Plataforma Agroalimentos, Canelones, Uruguay https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7911-1568
  • Gustavo Rodríguez Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria (INIA), Programa de Investigación Producción Hortícola, Salto, Uruguay http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3223-2514
  • Matías González Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria (INIA), Programa de Investigación Producción Hortícola, Salto, Uruguay https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6076-9864
  • Esteban Vicente Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria (INIA), Programa de Investigación Producción Hortícola, Salto, Uruguay https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0846-303X
  • Gustavo Giménez Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria (INIA), Programa de Investigación Producción Hortícola, Salto, Uruguay https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7176-185X
  • Danilo Cabrera Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria (INIA), Programa de Investigación Producción Frutícola, Canelones, Uruguay https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3069-2023
  • Facundo Ibañez Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria (INIA), Plataforma Agroalimentos, Canelones, Uruguay https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7893-5568
Keywords: nutrition, antioxidants, ORAC, genetic breeding

Abstract

Prevention of the development of chronic diseases related to metabolic syndrome has been found to depend on a healthy diet. Among healthy foods, fruits and vegetables play a very important role due to their nutrient content, especially antioxidants, vitamins and polyphenols. For 20 years, INIA has promoted the concept of quality associated to the differentiation of products in the fruit and horticultural sectors, considering aspects not only linked to the organoleptic qualities, but also the production processes that ensure food safety and nutritional contribution. More recently, research works have been implemented to contribute to highlighting the role of fruits and vegetables as nutraceutical foods, contributing to the prevention of chronic non-transmissible human diseases such as diabetes, cancer, or obesity. Also, to contribute to the knowledge of the effects of factors as breeding and culture management on the nutritional potential and promote production, consumption and commercialization. The bioactive compounds content and in vitro antioxidant activity (DPPH and ORAC) were characterized in different genotypes of native fruits, onion, potato, strawberry, sweet potato and tomato. High levels of flavonoids (quercetin) were found in onions and advanced lines. Samples of tomatoes, potatoes, sweet potatoes, and strawberries showed high contents of phenolic compounds, ascorbic acid, anthocyanins, total carotenoids, and total antioxidant capacity (ORAC) with a great interspecies variability; so, they can be included in the development of varieties differentiated by nutraceutical attributes. The analyses conducted also demonstrate the potential of native fruits as sources of essential nutrients, with contents comparable to and even superior to other fruits considered "superfruits". Through selection and breeding, national varieties can be developed with outstanding organoleptic characteristics, good levels of bioactive compounds, and antioxidant properties that contribute to the health of the population.

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Published
2022-01-05
How to Cite
1.
Ferrari V, Rodríguez G, González M, Vicente E, Giménez G, Cabrera D, Ibañez F. Nutritional Quality and Nutraceutical Potential of Fruits and Vegetables as a tool for Genetic Breeding Programs. Agrociencia Uruguay [Internet]. 5Jan.2022 [cited 9Aug.2022];25(NE2):e814. Available from: http://agrocienciauruguay.uy/ojs/index.php/agrociencia/article/view/814
Section
Section 1. Benefits of consuming fruits and vegetables: diets, lifestyles and pr