Energy Efficiency of Dairy Systems in Uruguay

  • Eduardo Llanos Departamento de Producción Animal y Pasturas, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de la República. Garzón 780, 12900 Montevideo, Uruguay. Departamento de Sistemas Ambientales, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de la República.Garzón 780, 12900 Montevideo, Uruguay.
  • Laura Astigarraga Departamento de Producción Animal y Pasturas, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de la República. Garzón 780, 12900 Montevideo, Uruguay.
  • Ruben Jacques Departamento de Suelos y Aguas, Facultad de Agronomía,Universidad de la República. Garzón 780, 12900 Montevideo, Uruguay.
  • Valentín Picasso Departamento de Producción Animal y Pasturas, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de la República. Garzón 780, 12900 Montevideo, Uruguay. Departamento de Sistemas Ambientales, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de la República.Garzón 780, 12900 Montevideo, Uruguay.
Keywords: fossil energy, energy balance, intensification, sustainability

Abstract

Reducing fossil fuel consumption and increasing energy efficiency of agricultural systems may result in environmental and economic benefits. The aim of this study was to analyze dairy production systems from an energy perspective, to identify the main variables affecting energy efficiency and fossil energy consumption, through a model of inputs and outputs. The model included as inputs energy costs of food, labor, electricity, agrochemicals, fuels and machinery, and as outputs dairy and meat production. We analyzed a database of 30 dairy farms from southern Uruguay, from the Cooperativa Nacional de Productores de Leche (Conaprole), organized in three strata based on their dairy productivity per hectare. The fossil energy use was 2.40, 3.63 y 3.80 MJ.l-1 for productivity strata low, medium and high respectively (P<0.01). Energy efficiency averages were 1.40, 0.90 y 0.86 for the same strata (P<0.01). Fossil energy of agrochemicals and fuel accounted for more than 80% of the energy consumed in the three strata. The greater the percentage of concentrate in the diet, the lower energy efficiency (P<0.01). These results suggest the existence of a negative relationship between the intensification of dairy production and energy efficiency.

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Published
2020-10-24
How to Cite
1.
Llanos E, Astigarraga L, Jacques R, Picasso V. Energy Efficiency of Dairy Systems in Uruguay. Agrociencia Uruguay [Internet]. 24Oct.2020 [cited 15Aug.2022];17(2):99-109. Available from: http://agrocienciauruguay.uy/ojs/index.php/agrociencia/article/view/481
Section
Animal production and pastures