Strategies of Social Reproduction of Family Farmers in the Border Region of Cerro Largo, Uruguay

  • Jimena González Ruiz Ministerio de Industria, Energía y Minería, Dirección de Artesanías, Pequeñas y Medianas Empresas, División de Desarrollo Local. Treinta y Tres 541, Melo, 37000 Cerro Largo
  • Flávio Sacco Dos Anjos Universidad Federal de Pelotas, Facultad de Agronomía Eliceu Maciel, Departamento de Ciencias Sociales Agrarias. Campus Universitario s/n, Capão do Leão, 96160-000 Río Grande del Sur, Brasil
Keywords: family farmers, social reproduction strategies

Abstract

This paper analyses the dynamics of family farming in Cerro Largo, Uruguay, especially in the borderline region with Brazil, through the study of the social, economic and cultural organization of the family production units. The emphasis is on the social reproduction strategies of these family farmers. The research fits into a border social context, signed by the consequences of modernization of the productive structure of the country. Among the consequences of the agricultural policies applied from the 1970´s in Uruguay, there is an increasing concentration of the the land and the means of production, and a sharp fall of the number of family farmers. Uruguayan agro currently experiments the emergence of a new business sector, linked mainly to forest crops and rainfed agriculture, with a strong presence of foreign capital. This new entrepreneurship is into the context of the traditional, fundamentally linked to livestock production. Meanwhile, a set of family farms remain active and resist their complete disappearance. Some of the diverse strategies that the family farmers use to remain living and producing in the countryside are: the exercise of pluriactivity, the practice of self-consumption, the economic benefits of the residence on the border with Brazil, and government financial transfers.

Published
2015-12-01
How to Cite
1.
González Ruiz J, Sacco Dos Anjos F. Strategies of Social Reproduction of Family Farmers in the Border Region of Cerro Largo, Uruguay. Agrociencia Uruguay [Internet]. 1Dec.2015 [cited 21Oct.2020];19(2):101-109. Available from: http://agrocienciauruguay.uy/ojs/index.php/agrociencia/article/view/307
Section
Social Science